In a lot of countries, inspections are carried out in hair transplantation centers by the ministries of health, and as a result, people who are not competent enough to operate are restrained from performing this type of surgeries. These operations are very serious, even a little mistake can lead to bad outcomes. This is why a hair transplant must be done by a specialist. Only a hair transplantation expert should decide on the hair transplant method. Hair transplantation is a surgical practice and should be performed in an appropriate environment.
The person who will undergo the surgery is examined under the supervision of a specialist. As a result of the examinations done under the supervision of the doctor, specialists decide on which method they are going to use in transplantation. Before the operation, a blood sample is taken from the patient to analyze and the general health status indicators of the patient are checked. Doctors draw a hairline on the patient’s scalp. Doctors examine the target area. This is called hair analysis. The number of hair follicles that will be transplanted to the target area is calculated.
If there is not enough hair in the back of the neck and temporal area that is suitable for transplantation, hair roots are taken from the chest and arms.
During hair transplantation, the transplanted area of the scalp needs to be flushing quickly, this means that the hair is clinging to the scalp. In a hair transplant, factors like the right distance, and right angle between grafts are important and should be taken into consideration, this directly affects the success of the surgery.
Shock shedding may occur after hair transplantation. This shedding, which is only temporary after hair transplantation, is called shock shedding. After 2 weeks, the hair starts to grow again.
After the hair transplant, the healing process takes about three months. Post-surgery care is very important. The instructions of the specialist must be followed strictly. Infection caused by lack of care and not following the instructions causes prolongation of the healing process.
The redness that occurs after hair transplantation lasts 7 to 10 days. This is a normal situation. There will be crusts at the bottom of these scars. Within 10 days, this thin crust will disappear. The hair will turn into its normal self in 10 to 15 days. The healing process takes one to two weeks.
Age is an important factor when choosing the hair transplant method. Gender is also an important factor.
Hair loss in women is caused by anemia and vitamin deficiency in general; In men, it is caused by stress, unfavorable care conditions, vitamin or mineral deficiency, and genetic factors.
After the hair transplant, the person who has undergone hair transplantation surgery should be very careful when going out. The sun rays that directly touch the hair follicles affect the vitality of the roots negatively. The roots need to receive fresh air. If the hair roots and the scalp do not get enough air, shedding may occur. It is also necessary to pay attention to the warnings of the expert about water. For example, a patient should not wash his/her hair with cold or hot water. It should be warm.
If you are a smoker, you should quit smoking one week before the hair transplant. Nicotine found in cigarettes causes problems in the transplanted area and hair growth, since it is mixed with blood when it enters the body. Also, it is a known fact that smoking is one of the important causes of hair loss. As the toxic substances in cigarettes destroy the grafts, it also increases the risk of hair loss due to hereditary features. Smoking should not be allowed for two weeks after hair transplantation. Smoking slows down the rate of hair growth, reduces the amount of oxygen hair grafts need to receive, and affects the healing and growth process of hair negatively.
In addition to aesthetic hair transplantation, people who have lost their hair as a result of accidents, burns, and diseases, people who have lost their hair because of genetic factors, those who lost their hair due to stress and age can have healthy and abundant hair with the DHI technique.
The process after hair transplantation is important. Hair should be washed very gently. Hair loss and shedding are very normal in the first month. The sixth month following the surgery is the month that the growth rate of hair turns back to normal. After the seventh month, the hair starts to grow very intensely and continues to grow for five months more.
Who Can Have A Hair Transplant, Who Are The Possible Candidates?
Men who are over fifty years old are facing hair loss risk. It can either result from genetic factors or it can also result from age. Stress and other factors can also affect someone’s hair loss risk. So, usually, men make up most of the patients who get hair transplant.
People who cannot be operated are those under the age of 24, those with chronic diseases, and those with contagious diseases. Hair transplantation is not suitable for these people.
Types Of Hair Transplant
One technique may be suitable for one patient, it may not be suitable for another, that is why there are many different techniques of hair transplant. And also, with developing technology, new tools are invented in recent years, which made it easier to perform hair transplants.
FUE Hair Transplant
The FUE method is the most common and non-scarring method in hair transplantation. In this method, hair follicles are taken one by one and placed into the area where there is no hair. In some cases, if there is no healthy hair follicle on a patient’s scalp, hair transplantation is performed by taking hair roots from a donor, but this is very rare.
FUE hair transplantation method is the process of transplanting the hair follicle grafts taken from certain points of the body and implanting them to the part where the hair loss occurs. It is more appropriate to take the hair roots from the nape. During the hair transplantation procedure, your surgeon will shave the area where follicles will be extracted. After that, she/he will start to remove follicles and insert them into the areas that are sparse in hair through the incisions she/he made. Once the removal and inserting are done, your surgeon will clean and bandage the area. The operation is performed under local anesthesia.
Hair transplantation sessions usually last for 2 to 4 hours and after the procedure, you can directly go home without having to interrupt your daily routine. After a few sessions, the patient’s hair will have a natural and beautiful appearance. It is considered a safe procedure as it causes only minor side effects such as swelling, bruising, sensitivity, and white scars in certain areas where follicles are extracted. However, in some rare cases, there may be an infection. Hair transplantation costs vary greatly depending on certain factors, yet the typical cost is between $4,000 to $15,000 per session. The exact cost is determined according to how much hair will be extracted and transplanted, how experienced or in-demand your surgeon is, how many surgeons are available in your area to do this procedure and how frequently your surgeon performs FUE hair transplants.
DHI Hair Transplant
Another hair transplant method that is used is DHI. DHI is the abbreviation of Direct Hair Implant, and this method eliminates problems like scars, incisions, and stitches. Hair follicles taken with a micro motor are placed into the area where hair will be transplanted in a very short time. The advantage of this method is that the time that the hair follicles stay separated from the tissue is minimized. Hair follicles are easily protected from external factors. In this method, there is no incision, and recovery is very fast. The patient returns to his/her daily life quickly.
The version of this method performed with laser and PRP treatment is called DHI Pro. By putting the patient under the sleep by giving local anesthesia, the transplantation is done without the patient feeling any pain. Then, the transplantation is completed with the DHI CHOI pen, a tool that ensures tight and dense hair transplantation. This method requires a team effort. It is more expensive than the other techniques. Generally, the DHI method is recommended by experts.
As for the advantages of DHI hair transplantation, it can be done faster and more frequently thanks to the fine-tipped structure of the pen used in this type of surgery. Recovery is fast. The patient will recover in a short time. In this method, there is almost no incision, as it is mentioned earlier.
DHI hair transplantation is preferred because it is a painless operation. After DHI hair transplantation, the instructions of the specialist should be followed. The scalp should not be exposed to sun rays. When washing the hair, warm water should be used. The patient should not wear berets and hats for a while to not disturb the transplanted area, but he/she can wear a hat while going out on sunny days. Haircare products that do not contain harmful chemicals should be used.
Unshaven Hair Transplant
Unshaven hair transplant is a hair transplantation method that is very popular nowadays. With the pen used in DHI operations, doctors can determine which direction the hair will grow. Hair gets a natural and realistic appearance with this method. It is not necessary to open canals in the area where the hair will be transplanted, the existing hair follicles are not damaged during the surgery. Hair follicles grow fast after transplantation. A scalpel is not used in this technique, so there is no scar. It only causes a small damage to the donor area where the hair follicles are taken. Recovery in this area is also very fast. The hairline on the forehead can be drawn by the doctors to give the hair a natural look.
CHOI pen is used in this operation. Grafts are collected with a special surgical pen with a diameter between 0.6 mm to 1 mm. Grafts are collected and cleaned. This method, which requires attention, sensitivity, and effort, should be done by experts. With the CHOI pen, opening canals and the replacement of hair follicles are performed simultaneously.
Women who want to get a hair transplantation especially prefer this method. Women may experience severe hair loss and baldness due to thyroid, dermatologic disorders, and genetic factors. With this method, the patient returns to his/her social life within a week. The result is permanent. If hair loss is caused by stress, the patient should stay away from environments that cause him/her stress.
It has great advantages. It can be done without shaving the hair, so a patient does not need to wait for his/her to grow back. Covering the transplanted area is also very easy. Patients do not have to wear a hat or a beret to cover the scalp. This method is preferred by so many individuals because of these advantages. Unshaven hair transplant also has disadvantages. For example, it is more expensive than the other ones. It requires a lot of effort since it is done without shaving.
Beard And Mustache Transplant
This kind of hair transplant is very popular among men who are unable to grow a beard or a mustache. Generally, the Follicular Unit Extraction technique is used in beard and mustache transplants. It is very similar to hair transplantation, the techniques and tools used in these two transplants are the same.
Beard and mustache transplant process goes like this: first, hair roots are taken from the scalp (generally the back of the head is chosen because there are thick hair roots in that area) with the help of a device called micro motor and these hair roots are planted into are where the beard is shedding. It is not an easy operation; it must be done by a doctor that has a lot of experience in this kind of operation. It has risks but these risks are not that serious. If you take good care of your face and beard, it should be just fine. The first washing of the beard should be done by the doctor. The patient needs to avoid staying under the sun. It is very harmful to the transplanted area and it can cause sweating. Sweating is considered to be bad for these kinds of transplants because it prevents hair roots from getting enough air.
Auxiliary Methods Used In Hair Transplantation
Several methods help hair transplantation to be successful. These methods aren’t always used, but sometimes doctors use them to receive better results. For example, if a patient’s hair roots are in a bad condition, stem cell treatment is used to strengthen those hair roots. The most known ones are PRP therapy and stem cell therapy.
In PRP treatment, the patient’s own blood is used. In this medical procedure, hair growth is aimed. It is an aesthetic application. In addition to treating hair loss, PRP treatment is a method used in rejuvenating the skin, getting rid of scars, and orthopedic applications.
The process of applying PRP to the hair is as follows: 10-20 ml of blood is taken from the patient, then the red blood cells are separated from the white blood cells using the centrifugation technique. Afterward, a platelet-rich plasma emerges, this plasma is injected into the hair follicles where the hair is sparse or starts to fall out. The proteins in the plasma repair the hair follicles and renew the tissues. It takes about 30 minutes to apply per session. It takes 6 to 8 sessions.
Stem Cell Therapy
Stem cells are used in the treatment of many diseases and it is also used in hair transplantation. Although it is not used as the main method in hair transplantation, it works as an auxiliary method. Stem cells are transformed into hair-producing cells after they are taken from tissue, skin, or cartilage and after several procedures. However, this process is expensive and takes a long time for these stem cells to become available for use. The goal of the stem cell procedure is to strengthen the patient’s hair follicles.
Tools Used In Hair Transplants And Their Features
Hair follicles taken from the back of the head are placed in the canals opened with the help of some tools. Since the diameter of the tips of the tools are around 1 mm, they open millimetric canals. Opening millimetric canals increases the frequency of hair transplantation. This ensures thick and dense hair transplantation. Cuts, or we can call it canals, because of it being very small, the healing process is very fast and easy. With these tools, a lot of grafts can be fitted in the target area. They do not damage the structure of the scalp or cause major bleeding.
Micromotor: It is used for collecting grafts from the donor area. With the invention and use of this tool, the graft collection time of the doctors has decreased to a considerable extent.
Forceps: These tweezers-like tools are also used for collecting grafts. Micromotors do the hard work and separate hair roots from the tissue, and then doctors collect those grafts manually by using forceps.
FUE Punch: It does the same tasks that a micro motor does. It is used for collecting grafts, but this tool is not automatic. Doctors use this manually to collect grafts, so it also has similarities with forceps.
Magnifying Glasses: Since the hair follicles are very small, it is very difficult to see them with the naked eye. In this case, magnifying glasses are used. By wearing it, doctors get the opportunity to work more comfortably in the target area. This tool has many lenses and these lenses have different degrees, these lenses are used to zoom in or zoom out. It is a widely used tool that enables doctors to operate easily. It is very difficult and almost impossible to do hair transplantation without this tool.
Other tools that need to be mentioned are electric razors, shampoos, solutions and lotions, injection needles, serums, and anesthetics.
Electric razor is used by doctors to shave the scalp. Solutions are used to clean the grafts during the surgery. Doctors wash the scalp one day after the surgery and they use special shampoos for that process. Lotions are used to soften the area before washing the hair. Serums and antibiotics are given to the patient to relieve the pain. And anesthetics are used to put patients to sleep while doctors performing surgery.
The operation room and the tools used in the operation must be sterilized before and after the surgery. This sterilization, which is very important for the health of patients, must be done frequently and regularly. If possible, each patient should be operated using disposable sterile instruments.
Since hair transplantation is also a surgical operation, all important tools should be kept in the operation room where the procedure will be performed, just in case. If something bad happens to the patient, doctors must be able to intervene in a timely and effective manner. That is crucial. Any institution that does not have these qualifications and does not accommodate these devices in the operation room should not be allowed to perform hair transplantation surgery.
Hair transplantation centers must be inspected regularly and centers that do not comply with the criteria should be fined. If these hair transplantation centers continue to not follow the rules, these hair transplantation centers should be shut down. Because this is not only a disrespect for the medical ethics, but also a disrespect for the patient. Hair transplant centers that do not fulfill these important rules and the doctors who perform this surgery without required instruments put the patient’s life in danger. This is not a subject that can be underestimated.
Sapphire FUE Hair Transplantation
Sapphire is a durable and bright mineral and it is also regarded as one of the most precious stones by most people. In recent years, this valuable stone has become frequently used in hair transplantation operations. Before the arrival of this procedure, hair transplantations were usually performed by means of metal blades and they were causing extreme damages on both the scalp and hair follicles. However, thanks to sapphire FUE hair transplantation, such problems can now be easily solved and any kind of damage to the skin is prevented.
The motivation for the sapphire FUE hair transplantation method is to have a natural look by opening holes as small as possible in the areas where the hair follicles will be inserted, minimizing the crusts that are likely to occur after hair transplantation. The patient is given local anesthesia and put to sleep throughout the hair transplantation process. During the operation, hair follicles are extracted from the donor area by means of micro motor and inserted into the place where hair loss happens. The process lasts for 6 to 8 hours and there is no need to stay in the hospital after it. First, small channels are opened in the scalp and then, hair follicles are implanted to these channels opened in the scalp.
The channels play a crucial role in the angle and direction of air growth because those tiny channels give the transplanted hair a more natural look. For this reason, opening them properly and as small as possible makes the healing process easier and quicker. Blades made of sapphire is the best option for creating the channels because they are small and thin. Thanks to sapphire blades, less bleeding occurs, recovery time becomes faster and most importantly tissue damage is reduced. The channel opening technique with sapphire blades is mostly preferred by experienced hair transplantation centers.
The advantages of sapphire FUE hair transplantation are that it offers natural hair growth, a faster healing period and there is no tissue damage or the chance for the hair follicles to be dislocated.
Can Hair Transplantation Be Done Without The Need To Shave Your Head
Hair transplantation operations usually offer an almost natural appearance and it is a permanent solution for the hair loss problem. Before transplantation, one may think about whether they have to shave their head or not. When aesthetic concerns are taken into consideration it may sound quite intimidating.
However, it is possible to perform hair transplantation without the need to shave your head in line with the characteristics of patients. In general, if hair transplantation will be performed in a small area, it may be unnecessary to shave the donor or recipient area. To give an illustration, while in an operation there is a need for an injection of four thousand follicles will be injected, in another one, only one thousand follicles may be enough just to cover some sparse areas in the hair.
During the process, the specialists administer local anesthesia to the patients and put them sleep to prevent discomfort. Then the operation starts by exerting the healthy hair follicles from the donor area one by one using an instrument called a micro motor to make tiny round punch incisions (0.6 – 1.20 mm in diameter) necessary for extracting the healthy follicles from the donor site. After that, the surgeon makes some incisions to create the donor grafts for the transplant and inserts the healthy follicles there. Finally, the surgeon uses either custom-made needles to open the channels in the recipient sites and insert the grafts or use an implanter pen called a Choi pen to insert the grafts.
Although it is possible to perform hair transplantation without the need to shave your head, it is not widespread because it may lead to some unfavorable problems. For instance, it may make it harder for the surgeon to see the area in a proper way and select the grafts. Obtaining the best results from a hair transplantation operation can be achieved through precise positioning and design of the hairline according to the face type of a patient. However, a natural appearance may also depend on the hair type of the patient and donor density. Because hair grows at different angles and in different directions in every person. In order to have a natural appearance, hair transplantation should be performed in line with the growth angle and direction of the existing hair.
All these things may become quite challenging if the surgeon cannot see the area properly. Besides, hair transplantation without shaving is a more expensive procedure when compared to other ones, so it is generally not preferred.
After one month following the operation you can shorten your hair however, it is generally recommended to wait for at least 6 months before shaving your head completely.
How To Sleep After A Hair Transplantation Operation
No matter which surgical procedure you undergo, even if it is minimally invasive, it is inevitable that there will be some complications and they will give a feeling of discomfort. Hair transplantation operation is one of them and after the procedure, one of the most important things to do is to sleep in a proper way. In which position you sleep in the first 7 days after the hair transplantation operation determines how much swelling you will experience.
An inevitable outcome of any surgical procedure, even if it is minimally invasive, is swelling which gives a feeling of discomfort concerning how to sleep properly. Swelling after hair transplantation is common and usually lasts only for a few days or even less for some people and then subsides. In which position you sleep in the first 7 days after the hair transplantation operation determines how much swelling you will experience. The fluids gathered in the hair follicles during the hair transplantation must flow. Swelling occurs if there is fluid accumulation in the scalp.
Because of this, supporting your head with proper pillow positioning plays a vital role in avoiding swelling. Furthermore, hitting your scalp against your headboard while your scalp is still healing can badly affect your scalp. To refrain from this, you may set another pillow between the head and the headboard. If you do it, it may help you prevent your head from crashing into the headboard and hurting your scalp while you are sleeping. Sleeping on your stomach can also contribute negatively to swelling. If you are used to sleeping on your stomach, it may be better for you to switch your sleeping position to obtain the best results from your hair transplantation operation.
It is also recommended by certain experts to sleep in a recliner as it may minimize the peril of swelling on your scalp and forehead by keeping your head elevated. It will be better for you if you keep your head at a 45-degree angle for the first 5 to 7 nights after the procedure. This will help you decrease the amount of post-operative swelling and quicken the healing. Another advantage of sleeping in a recliner is that it helps you avoid tossing, turning, or rubbing your hairline against the pillows. If you do not have a recliner, you can make use of your sofa. You can keep your head elevated by sleeping with a cushion on the armrest of the couch to prevent turning over while you are sleeping. You should not wear anything on your head during the recovery period as it may lead to sweating on your scalp. You also should not touch it for at least a few days because the hair grafts and the scalp will probably be quite delicate then. Besides, applying ice is only recommended if you experience swelling but you should not apply it immediately to the area of newly transplanted hair.
What Is The Best Age To Undergo A Hair Transplant?
There is no certain age that a person should undergo a hair transplant. But the minimum age limit to get a hair transplant is considered to be 18, just like other aesthetic medical procedures. There is no upper limit, for example, a man or a woman who is in his/her 40s or 50s can undergo a hair transplantation surgery.
Since puberty starts and ends later in males than females, males mature a lot slower than females. Men become adults after the age of 25, and hair loss in men generally starts at the age of 30. Because of this reason, patients who undergo hair transplant operations are usually 30 years and older.
However, we should not forget to mention that hair transplantation is not only dependent on age. The age range may be very different in individuals who have a lot of family members that experience hair loss in their family, individuals suffering from hair loss due to an accident, stress, or trauma, individuals experiencing hair loss due to a disease and for example, a person’s hair may have started to fall out at the age of 20 due to genetic factors. The age mentioned above is just a generalization.
One of the disadvantages of having hair transplantation at an early age is that in some patients, the hair transplanted at an early age starts to fall out again as the patient gets older. Therefore, experts recommend that hair transplantation is should be done after the age of 25.
If we summarize what we said in this article;
Hair transplantation is a (mostly) painless medical procedure that any person (man or woman) can undergo from age 18 to 60. It is not only men that undergo hair transplant surgery. Women who are not happy about their physical appearance or who experience hair loss due to stress, trauma, or genetic factors also undergo hair transplant surgery.
There are so many different hair transplantation techniques and all of them are different from each other.
There are so many instructions that a patient needs to follow. If the patient does not follow the instructions, the hair transplant surgery may not be successful. Instruments used in hair transplant surgeries have very important functions. And these instruments make it easier for doctors to operate.
There are some treatments used to help strengthen the hair roots. They are called PRP treatment and Stem Cell therapy. These two treatments are frequently used in hair transplant surgeries. Hair transplantation surgeries should be done by experts in order to get great results.
A person should do a research before choosing the hair transplantation center to have a hair transplantation. If necessary, a patient should consult multiple hair transplantation centers and ask all the questions in his/her mind. The person should choose the hair transplantation center suitable for him/her.
Hair transplant costs depend on where a patient lives and how successful the surgeons in his/her area are. It can also depend on the number of hair grafts to be transplanted. This is why there is no precise cost for this type of operation. Also, Turkey is a country that is well-known in the hair transplantation field. There are so many skilled surgeons in this country and the prices are also reasonable. Thanks to their affordable prices and its success, hair clinics in Turkey have gained a worldwide reputation. People from all around the world choose to go to Turkey and get a hair transplant because of these reasons. These surgeons and hair clinics also offer patients hair transplant packages with a lot of advantages.